To compress:

tar -czvf name-of-archive.tar.gz /path/to/directory-or-file

  • c: Create an archive.
  • z: Compress the archive with gzip.
  • v: Display progress in the terminal while creating the archive, also known as “verbose” mode. The v is always optional in these commands, but it’s helpful.
  • f: Allows you to specify the filename of the archive.

To compress directory:

tar -czvf archive.tar.gz /usr/local/folder

To compress multiple file:

tar -czvf archive.tar.gz /home/ubuntu/Downloads /usr/local/stuff /home/ubuntu/Documents/notes.txt

To extract:

tar -xzvf archive.tar.gz